Is Vermont a no-fault state? (2022)

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No, Vermont is not a no-fault state. Vermont is an at-fault (or “tort”) state. That means the driver who causes an accident uses their insurance to pay for the other driver’s bills from the collision. Police and insurance companies use the available evidence to decide who is at fault for the accident. Then the at-fault driver’s insurance pays to cover the other driver’s damages. Depending on their coverage, they might have insurance for their own damages, too.

“Fault” can be shared by drivers – for example, one driver could be 20% responsible for an accident while the second driver is 80% responsible. Vermont has modified comparative negligence laws. That means if you are 50% or more at fault, you can't collect any damages from the other driver. If you're less than 50% at fault, you can collect damages minus the percentage that you're at fault. So if you're 30% at fault, you can recover 70% of what you spent on damages after the crash.

Why You Should Care That Vermont is a Tort/Fault State

In tort states like Vermont, medical coverage only pays out after fault has been determined. That means there are more legal hoops to jump through and a longer waiting period before fault is decided and a driver can get reimbursed. This type of system has other implications for drivers, too, including some that vary by state due to nuances in local car insurance laws.

Here’s what tort insurance means for Vermont drivers:

  • Tort insurance is typically cheaper than car insurance in no-fault states.
  • Drivers can sue the at-fault party for almost any type of loss after their collision. This includes lost wages, emotional distress, and hospital bills that exceed the at-fault driver’s coverage.
  • You can collect damages from the other driver as long as you are less than 50% responsible for the accident.
  • Vermont has a statute of limitations of 3 years after a car accident. That means you have 3 years from the time of the car accident to sue the at-fault driver, or vice versa.

Vermont vs Other Tort/Fault States

State Vermont New Hampshire New York
Average Annual Car Insurance Premium $993 $1,320 $1,812
Statute of Limitations 3 years 3 years 3 years
Rank Among Tort States (1 = cheapest) 40 24 11

Answer Question

People also ask

How long does it take for car insurance to go down?

It takes 3 to 5 years for car insurance to go down after an at-fault accident in most cases. Three years is a common penalty period for property damage claims. Insurance companies penalize drivers longer for accidents causing serious bodily harm or resulting from reckless or intoxicated driving. Premium increases vary widely by state and insurer, but the average increase is 41% after a single claim of $2,000 or full answer

Rates increase after an at-fault accident both to pay for the fees associated with filing a claim and to compensate the insurer for taking a higher risk. Drivers who have caused one accident are statistically more likely to be involved in another one.

Of course, if you pay for a policy with “accident forgiveness,” your rates won’t be raised for your first at-fault accident. Even without accident forgiveness, some insurance companies may give you a pass if it’s your first auto accident on a spotless driving record. Also, minor fender benders with less than $2,000 in damage may not trigger rate hikes.

However, no matter how minor your accidents are, if you have more than one within 6 years, or you have a combination of tickets and claims within 2-3 years, you are likely to face higher rates. Sometimes, it’s cheaper to pay for minor accident damage out of your pocket than to file a claim and trigger a rate increase.

Unfortunately, even if the accident you’re involved in isn’t your fault, you may find your insurance premium going up if you make a claim. This practice is prohibited by some states, but a study by the Consumer Federation of America found that most drivers who have made claims for not-at-fault accidents experienced rate increases of 8%-12%. For the insurance company, how much you’ve cost them is the most important consideration.

If age or inexperience, rather than accidents or violations, are the cause of your high premiums, you should see some decrease each year. If you’re a young driver, the biggest drop will come when you turn 25. If you are an older new driver, the largest decrease will come when you have five years of safe driving behind you.

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What happens if I'm at fault in a car accident?

If you’re at fault in a car accident, your liability insurance pays for the other driver’s car repairs and will likely cover any doctor’s bills if they’re injured. No-fault states are the exception, as they require each driver to use their own insurance to pay for medical expenses after an accident. But regardless of the state, fault always dictates whose liability insurance pays for property full answer

Your liability insurance never covers your own expenses, so you will need collision insurance, personal injury protection (PIP), or MedPay in order to avoid paying out of pocket for an at-fault accident. Some states require drivers to have PIP or MedPay, while collision insurance is usually required if you are leasing or financing your car.

After an at-fault accident, car insurance rates go up by an average of 48%. The exact amount that your premium will go up depends on a few factors, including your state and how much damage you caused. But any increase is only temporary, usually lasting about 3-5 years. And if you have accident forgiveness with your insurance company, your rates might not go up at all.

Ultimately, no one wants to be at-fault in a car accident, but it’s important to understand how at-fault accidents work just in case. With that in mind, here’s a quick summary of what you really need to know.

Here’s What Happens If You Are At-Fault in a Car Accident

  • Your liability insurance should pay for the other driver’s expenses.
  • You will need to use other types of car insurance to cover your own repair and medical bills.
  • Your car insurance rates will go up by an average of 48% for 3-5 years.

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(Video) Introduction to NY's No Fault Insurance | Plattsburgh Car Accident Lawyer | Champlain Valley Law

What states are PIP states?

The twelve states that require PIP insurance, also known as personal injury protection, are Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Kansas, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, North Dakota, Oregon, and Utah. Of these states, 11 are “no-fault” states. Pennsylvania law requires drivers to purchase $5,000 in medical benefits, but does not mention PIP specifically. PIP coverage is also available, but optional, in seven additional states, plus the District of full answer

PIP States


PIP Policy

No-Fault State?

Minimum PIP Coverage








$15,000 per person, $30,000 per accident

(plus $5,000 for funeral services)




$10,000 per person




$10,00 per person


(Video) The Downside of New York No-Fault Insurance | Plattsburgh Accident Lawyer | (2020)



$4,500 per person

(plus a $2,000 burial benefit or up to $10,000+ for care/lost wages)




$10,000 per person, per accident


MedPay Required


$2,000 per person*








$8,000 per person, per accident



(drivers who receive Medicaid can opt out as of July 2020)


$50,000 per person



(Video) Medicare and your Personal Injury Claim - What you need to know | Accident Settlements


$40,000 per person, per accident

New Jersey



$15,000 per person, per accident

(up to $250,000 for certain life-altering injuries)

New York



$50,000 per person

(plus a $2,000 death benefit)

North Dakota



$30,000 per person




$15,000 per person


Medical Benefits Required


$5,000 per person, per accident

South Dakota



(Video) What if you're both at fault for the car accident? | Vermont Accident Attorney R. Drew Palcsik

No minimum coverage requirement




$2,500 per person









(plus up to $100/week for lost wages for up to 12 months, in some cases)




$10,000 per accident

Washington D.C.



$50,000 per person

(plus $12,000 per person for lost wages and $4,000 for funeral expenses)

PIP insurance covers medical expenses for you and your passengers after an accident, no matter who is at fault. These expenses include ambulance fees, medical and surgical treatments, and prescriptions. PIP can also reimburse you for lost wages, home care expenses, and even funeral expenses.

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(Video) Will medicare pay for auto injuries? | Vermont Accident Lawyer | Champlain Valley Law


Is Vermont a no-fault state? ›

An individual who chooses not to purchase PIP coverage may seek compensation from the negligent driver's insurance provider in the event he or she is injured in an accident.

How do you prove it's not your fault? ›

10 Steps You Can Take to Help Prove You're Not At Fault For Your Car Accident
  1. Collect the Other Driver's Information at the Scene of the Car Accident. ...
  2. Get a Police Report. ...
  3. Report the Car Accident to Law Enforcement and the DMV. ...
  4. Document Vehicle Damage. ...
  5. Contact Witnesses and Get Their Statements.

How do insurance companies determine who is at fault? ›

The adjuster will gather details about the accident. This may include reviewing the police report, interviewing involved parties and assessing photos of damage. Based on their review, the adjuster works with the insurer to determine who's at fault for the accident.

Which US state currently has no fault insurance laws? ›

The 12 states that have no-fault insurance laws are: Florida, Hawaii, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, North Dakota, Pennsylvania, and Utah. Drivers can opt out of a no-fault policy in Kentucky, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania.

Does Vermont have accident forgiveness? ›

Car Insurance Benefits Offered to Vermont Drivers

Accident Forgiveness. Disappearing Deductible. 24/7 Claim Service.

What can I say instead of my fault? ›

What is another word for my fault?
mea culpapeccavi
my badI am to blame
touchépoint taken
I stand correctedwell played

How would you determine who was at fault in this collision? ›

How Insurance Companies Determine Who Is at Fault After a Car Accident
  1. Research the accident.
  2. Speak with witnesses.
  3. Look at medical reports.
  4. Examine vehicle damage.
  5. And verify details about insurance policies.

Can you tell how fast a car was going by the damage? ›

The severity of the damage can tell investigators important information. A minor dent may indicate that a driver was traveling at low speed or that the driver had nearly enough time to finish braking. Severe damage can tell investigators how fast a vehicle may have been traveling or how hard the car was hit.

How do you win an insurance claim? ›

Here's how:
  1. If the insurance company denies your claim, request a written explanation. ...
  2. Get your paperwork in order. ...
  3. Conduct a close review of all your documents. ...
  4. Make sure your signature was not forged. ...
  5. Keep all receipts and put all requests in writing. ...
  6. Filing errors are not grounds for denial.
Jan 31, 2018

How long does an insurance company have to investigate a claim? ›

Generally, the insurance company has about 30 days to investigate your auto insurance claim, though the number of days vary by state.

Is Vermont an at fault state? ›

No, Vermont is not a no-fault state. Vermont is an at-fault (or “tort”) state. That means the driver who causes an accident uses their insurance to pay for the other driver's bills from the collision.

How long do points stay on your license in VT? ›

Points shall remain assessed against the driving record of any person for a period of two years from the date of conviction. (Added 1977, No. 238 (Adj.

Does Vermont have no fault auto insurance? ›

Vermont is Not a “No Fault” State for Car Accidents

An individual who chooses not to purchase PIP coverage may seek compensation from the negligent driver's insurance provider in the event he or she is injured in an accident.

What does it mean when someone says it's not your fault? ›

it's not your fault: you are not to blame. idiom. a fault: a defect, a flaw; a mistake, an error.

What does it's not my fault mean? ›

It-s-not-my-fault definition

Filters. I did not cause the problem . It's not my fault that it's raining. phrase. I did not cause it (regardless of whether the subject matter is perceived as problematic).

What is your fault? ›

a mistake, especially something for which you are to blame: It's not my fault she didn't come!

Why does Sean say it's not your fault? ›

The line is a response to the revelation of abuse Will endured as a child. At first, Will is dismissive of the statement, but as his therapist steadily repeats “It's not your fault,” he becomes increasingly agitated. Finally, he erupts into emotion, tearfully allowing the meaning of the words to sink in.


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(AmeriStaff Nursing Services)
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(Roland Martin)
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(Noah Kahan)

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